After a blood test, has your doctor ever told you “your blood sugar results show you are pre-diabetic?” Per the Centers of Disease Control (CDC) over 84 million Americans have pre-diabetes. That’s one out of three adults! Of those 84 million, nine out of ten don’t even know they have it. Without taking any action, many people with pre-diabetes could develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
What does pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mean?
Pre-diabetes means your blood glucose sugar levels are higher than normal and your insulin levels are not high enough to control your blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into cells for use as energy. If you have pre-diabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond normally to insulin. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to get cells to respond. Eventually your pancreas can’t keep up, and your blood sugar rises, setting the stage for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes down the road. Unfortunately, pre-diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is when your body cannot properly use insulin. You can get type 2 diabetes at any age. You are at higher risk if you are older, overweight, have a family history of diabetes, are not physically active or you are a woman who had gestational diabetes.
In most cases, pre-diabetes can often be reversed. But in order to make this happen, you may have to lose some weight through life-style changes which include adjusting eating habits and increasing physical activity.
By answering the next few questions honestly, you can see if you might be at risk of pre-diabetes. If you answer yes to any of the questions, you may be at higher risk than others for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
- Are you overweight?
- Are you 45 years of age or older?
- Do your parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes?
- Are you physically active fewer than 3 times per week?
- Have you ever given birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds?
- Have you ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes)?
Another factor that can increase your chance of pre-diabetes includes a person’s race, which refers to a person’s physical characteristics such as skin color and ethnicity. African Americans,
Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.
Starting in January 2019, Medi-Cal now allows coverage for a diabetic prevention program. If you want to enroll in one of the programs offered, please talk to your doctor and have him/her make a referral to the Nivano Physicians Case Management Department. The case manager will proceed to work with you and your Health Plan to get you enrolled in classes. Once enrolled you will have the option of taking the classes either in a classroom setting or online.
If you have any questions you can always call Nivano Physicians and ask to speak with a case manager. Our number is 916.407.2000 or toll free at 844.889.2273.
Reference: CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/prediabetes.html